The weather may be bleak, but the November garden contains flashes of color and life. Bundle up and tidy up for winter!
What to See
- Most trees and shrubs are losing their leaves, but fruits cling to the beautyberry, snowberry, and winterberry shrubs.
- Grasses have taken on their fall colors and rustle in the November winds.
- Frost outlines the leaves of broadleafed evergreens like holly and boxwood in early morning.
What to Do
- If plants were damaged or diseased, remove their foliage. If not and you can stand it aesthetically, leave as many plants standing in your beds as possible—it provides great winter cover and protection for the plants.
- Clean up under and around fruit trees to prevent diseases next year.
- Mow leaves right into the lawn, or rake those chipped leaves back in the border. If you have lots of leaves, put some into a pile to create leaf mold or add to the compost pile.
- Monitor your garden for water needs. If we go several weeks without precipitation or snow on the ground, water your plants.
- Prune shrubs and trees as necessary to remove dead or damaged branches, but hold off on other pruning until late winter.
- Mulch your root crops. You can continue to harvest carrots and beets into winter if you lay a thick layer of mulch over them.
- Finish planting your bulbs, then pot some up for forcing. If you want amaryllis and paperwhites to bloom for Christmas, pot those up now too.
- Keep mowing at minimum height of 3.0” as needed. And keep mulching those leaves into the soil (and using them in the garden). November is also a great time for the last turf fertilizer application of the year.