In the forest, leaves fall, decompose, and build up to create highly organic soil, just the kind you’d want in your garden. But we see homeowners raking leaves only to bag them and leave them for pick up. What a waste! Instead, reuse those leaves to build better soil.
For all our leaf recycling tips, avoid leaves from the street or curb. They’re probably contaminated with car oil and fuel. But the leaves in your garden and lawn are fair game!
Gardens are meant for living in, not just looking at. So by all means, pile those leaves up, then get a good running start.
2. Fertilizing the lawn.
Leaving a layer of whole leaves where they fall can smother garden plants and turfgrass. But chopping a light layer of leaves into small pieces allows them to decay on the lawn and return nutrients to the soil. Run over them with a mower; to chop them even finer, take a second pass with the mower in a different direction.
3. Mulching garden beds for winter.
Heavy loads of leaves shouldn’t be left on the grass, but they make great mulch. A 2″ to 4″ layer put down once the soil freezes will help prevent plants from heaving out of the ground this winter. Chop them with the lawn mower before raking them into your garden beds.
4. Making compost.
Good compost starts with equal parts nitrogen (green, wet, sticky) and carbon (brown, crunchy, dry) sources. Keep a pile of chopped-up leaves next to the compost heap to add when you need more carbon. (But don’t just put in a thick layer; they’ll mat. Mix chopped-up leaves with your kitchen scraps.)
5. Making leaf mould.
Leaf mould is basically compost made only out of leaves (it’s broken down by fungus, instead of the bacteria that breaks down compost). Rake all your chopped up leaves into a pile and let it rot for a year or two. The fine, crumbly result can be worked into your soil next year. Even better, use it around fruit trees and shrubs to mimic the soil-building action from the forest floor.
So bag the bagging this year and make those leaves work for you!