April in the Midwestern Garden

Categories|Garden by Season: Spring
April in the Midwestern Garden

Indiana is currently social distancing, but fortunately we can still get into the garden. And the Midwestern garden is starting to bloom! We’re building soil, watching for late freezes, and enjoying the flowering trees and shrubs.

What To See in the April Garden

  • Perennials are shooting out of the ground here in zone 6. All that fresh, green foliage looks great after a winter of brown!
  • Daffodils are blooming! The bulb show is finally underway. We should see tulips blooming by the end of the month.
  • In shady spots, watch for spring ephemerals: plants that bloom in spring and disappear later in the year. You might see bleeding heart, or natives like Virginia bluebells (below) and bloodroot.
  • Shrubs are starting to put out their leaves. Many flowering trees, including fruit trees, bloom in the April garden.

April in the Midwestern garden

What to Do This Month

Contact us for free estimates on spring garden work in Indianapolis:

  • Finishing up the last of spring’s cleaning and pruning.
  • Building soil by composting and mulching.
  • Planting new shrubs, trees, and perennials once the ground dries. It’s also a great time to edit the garden by dividing and moving existing plants.

Other Garden Tasks This Month

  • Start mowing lawns at a height of 3.0″ to 3.5″.
  • In the kitchen garden, wait for the ground to dry enough to plant spring crops, including lettuce, radishes, carrots, and peas.
    • To make sure it’s dry, pick up a handful of soil and squeeze it. If it crumbles when you poke at it, it’s dry enough to plant. Soil that stays in a ball is still too wet.
    • Asparagus, rhubarb, strawberries, and bramble fruits should also be planted once the soil dries.
  • Don’t fertilize the lawn! Fertilizing in April promotes growth at the expense of root health.