Brilliant blue skies and chilly winds: October brings us the last bits of summer and the first taste of winter. The garden is on fire with color, so head out and enjoy it!
What to See in the October Garden
- Trees and shrubs begin to show their fall colors, from the orange of sugar maples to the brilliant red of the chokeberries.
- Grasses finish taking on their fall color. Seedheads and stems in buffs, reds, and pinks lend texture and movement to the yard in fall.
- Fruits are glowing in the landscape. Beautyberries sport amethyst-colored fruits, and the red berries on holly and winterberry are shining brightly.
- Some flowers continue to bloom, even as frost closes in. We’re admiring the aster, goldenrod, black-eyed Susans, and even some coreopsis that’s still hanging in! Just as lovely, the last of this season’s butterflies and moths are flitting in our gardens.
What to Do This Month
Contact Spotts Garden Service to schedule landscape work this fall in Indianapolis. Fall is an especially good time for:
- Planting perennials, shrubs, and trees, as well as digging and dividing existing perennials.
- Installing hardscape and drainage projects.
- Planting spring-blooming bulbs.
- Scheduling your fall garden cleanup. We’ll start preparing the landscape for winter once most of the leaves come down in November.
October in the Organic Garden
- Continue routine garden maintenance such as deadheading, weeding, watering, and very light pruning. Hold off on heavy pruning until late winter.
- Dig and divide or plant new perennials, shrubs, and trees.
- Plant spring-blooming bulbs.
- Water your evergreen shrubs and trees. Arborvitae, boxwood, and other evergreens are prone to drying out and developing winter burn, especially if they’re also exposed to road salt. Head it off by making sure they get at least 1″ of water a week until the ground freezes.
- Dig up dahlias and cannas after a heavy frost (temps below 32ºF). Allow the tubers to dry before storing in vermiculite or peat moss for the winter. If you’ve grown them in pots, you can move the entire pot into an unheated garage for the winter instead of digging them out.
- Mow leaves right into the lawn or rake the chipped leaves into beds as mulch. Set your mower no lower than 3″.
October In the Kitchen Garden
- Harvest your fall produce, including Brussels sprouts, pumpkins, winter squash, and the last of tomatoes.
- Plant a cover crop in the kitchen garden to replenish the soil. Red clover, winter wheat, alfalfa, and winter rye are all good choices.
Looking Ahead to Winter
While the Spotts crew slows down a bit in winter, the colder months are ideal for certain projects. Contact us for free estimates on work suited to winter weather in your Indianapolis garden.
- Removing invasive plants and clearing thickets.
- Designing your new ornamental garden or kitchen garden to be ready to plant this spring.
- Building raised beds.
- Installing hardscape projects like natural stone patios.
- Improving garden soil by amending with compost or manure to allow it to work into the soil over winter.